Tin measure, copper measure, graniteware measure, wooden measure, Brass Standard Measure, Dominion Standard, Imperial Bushel, Half Bushel, Peck, Gallon, Half Gallon, Quart, Pint, Half Pint, Gill, Half Gill, A. D 1874, L. Oertling, London,
DeGrave & Co., Mary DeGrave & Son, Troughton & Simms, Standard Yard, Potter, Hiram Piper, Winchester, Wine, 1854 New Brunswick, 1865 Vancouver Island, Bathurst District, Eastern district, Gore District, Home district, Johnstown District, London District, Midland District, Newcastle District, Niagara District, Ottawa District, Western District, 1826, U.C.,, Upper Canada, Lower Canada,County Brant, 1855, Brass measure, T OF St C,, 1835, St. John's, Newfoundland, 1853, Halifax Town, Nova Scotia, 1853, GIIIR, GIVR,, measures County Oxford, brock District, County Oxford, County Wellington, County District of Brock, Statford,
Welcome to our Website ©
Wood Measures, (Treen)
Canadian Manufacturers: (for American measures, please use link at bottom of page)
As our collection of Measures
grew, so did our curiosity as to the John Slater
the government verification
stamps, the types of construction, and now,
even the Gigantic Merger of 1927.
TIN MEASURES, McClary Mfg. Co. Ltd. GRANITEWARE MEASURE,
Thos. Davidson Mfg. co. Ltd.
Known Canadian Manufacturers of tin and/or Graniteware Measures:
TIN, &/OR, GRANITEWARE MEASURES
Thos. Davidson Mfg. Co. Ltd., Montreal, (tin, graniteware)
McClary Manufacturing Co. Ltd., London, (tin, & graniteware)
Kemp Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Toronto, (tin, graniteware)
The Sheet Metal Products Co., Toronto, (tin, graniteware)
E. T. Wright & Co., Hamilton, (tin)
A. Aubry & Fils, Limitee, Montreal, (tin)
In 1927, the above companies merged to form:
General Steel Wares Inc. (GSW), (tin, graniteware)
J. A. Brownlee, London, Ont., (tin)
T. H. Waller, Napanee, Ont. (tin)
The W. W. Chown Co. Limited, Belleville, (tin)
Chown, Kingston, (tin)
Simons Mfg. Co., Waterloo, (also: Simons Eastern Ltd., and, Simons Eastern Mfg. Co.)
C. F. Smith Co. Ltd., Belleville, (tin)
D. C. Champagne, Montreal, (tin)
A. Blais, (Montreal area...earlier than H. Blais) (tin)
H. Blais, Napierville,(P.Q.), (tin)
Keenan & Ratchford, (St. John, NB.) (tin)
Gaudiose Brousseau & Fils Limitee, Quebec, (tin)
Brousseau & Frere, Quebec, (tin)
G. Roberge, Quebec, (tin), Pot
J. Roberge, Quebec, (tin), Chopine, Pinte
Gem & S., (tin, 5 Gal., Nova Scotia unconfirmed)
G. WILSON, (tin)
John Wilson, Hamilton, (tin c/w brass plates)
MARCUS, (tin, Belleville area, circa 1938)
Palmerton & Madden, Simcoe, (tin)
Mayfield Metal Products, (tin, integral spout, Legal for Trade)
Applebaum, B., (Boruch), (tin), Ottawa, Ont.
D. Moore & Co., (tin), Hamilton, Ont.
ELEOT ET C(O.)?,
Wm. Stevely & Son, London, (tin)
Chatfield & Co., St. Catharines, (unconfirmed)
Burrow Chatfield & Co.,
T.C. & S.B., (location unknown), (tin)
G. A. Elliott, (Brantford)
R. M. Horsey, (& Co.), Kingston, (tin)
S. J. Horsey, Kingston, (tin)
W. & J. S., (likely, W. & J. Sheridan, Brockville), (tin)
P. E. Boniface, Hamilton, (tin)
M. Stevenson, (Charlottetown, P.E.I.), (tin)
Reilly and Davidson, Halifax, (tin)
L. W., Halifax, (tin)
W. Barnes, Kemptville, (tin), unconfirmed
A. Bonin, (location unknown), tin
Bogue & Smart, (likely Brockville), tin, stamped brass plate
W. J. Whitten & Co., Toronto, (tin)
Wirco, Toronto, tin, stamped brass plate
W. P. Moore, tin, brass plate,
D. McLachlan, tin, brass plate, (possibly Woodstock)
Ottawa Weight & Measure Factory, Tin, Stamped, (Ottawa)
W. A. Drummond, Toronto, Tin
C. E. Brodeur, St. Hyacinthe, Tin, Stamped plate, Brass Plate
Goodison, Sarnia, verified tin bushel
Drapeau & Champagne, Montreal, Tin, Stamped Tin plate
J. P. Noonan, Mount Forest, (Stamped, J. P. N., M. F.), Stamped tin
McKelvey & Birch, Kingston, Stamped tin
B & S, (attributed to Boyle and Son, Napanee), stamped tin
W. G. Bain & Co., Peterborough, tin, stamped brass plate
R. Dunn & Co., Port Hope, tin, 2 stamped brass plates
Thomas Rose, Georgetown, (Stamped T. R.), Stamped tin
Foster, (likely Foster & Foster), Belleville, stamped tin
Fletcher Mfg. Co.,
Mackenzie, Milne & Co. Ltd., (
C. Thibault, Stamped tin, not verified, (location unknown)
W. J. Carter, stamped tin, (Picton)
M. Howles, (Mathew), (Hamilton), tin, stamped copper plate
E. BROS., stamped tin, (possibly
I. N. Wait, (Isaac Newton Wait), (Picton), tin, brass plate
E. G. Laverdure, (Elisee), (
E. H. Grant & Son, (Vancouver), tin, stamped brass plate
R. G. Kincaid, (
Warminton & Philbin,
W. J. McMurtry, (Galt), Stamped tin
stainless steel measures
Known makers of Canadian stainless steel measures:
Wirco, Toronto, (Wrought Iron Range Co.)
Copper Measure, Wm. Coulter & Sons, Toronto Copper Measure, Herbert Jones Co. Ltd., Hamilton
Known makers of Canadian Copper Measures:
McClary Mfg. Co. Ltd., London,
Booth and Son, Toronto,
Henry G. Booth and Sons,
Copper Co. of
Wm. Coulter & Sons, Toronto,
Booth Coulter Copper and Brass Co.
Coulter Copper and Brass, (C.C.&B.)
Wm. Cottrell, Toronto,
Sparrow & Co.,
Wm. H. Sparrow, Toronto (unconfirmed)
Thos. McDonald, Toronto, (unconfirmed)
Benedict Proctor Mfg. Co., (Toronto, then Trenton, Ont.),
Regal Kitchens Ltd.,
G. Hevenor Ltd., Hevenor
& Co., (Gideon Hevenor), St. John,
Keith & Cronin, (location unknown)
Wentworth, (Well Worth), Integral funnel Spout,
Herbert Jones Co. Limited, Hamilton, (circa 1908)
I.S., (International Silver, Hamilton, Late 1940s ??? unconfirmed)
KMC, (location unknown), circa 1906-07
N. M., (location unknown),
G. Yon, (George),
E. BROS., (possibly
J. H. A. Co., (probably James Henry Ashdown), Winnipeg, Calgary, Saskatoon etc.
Willson and Warden,
Simons Eastern Mfg. Co., Waterloo, Ont.
Wood (Treen) Measures, (Bentwood, Turned and Carved)
(Bentwood) Dry Measure, Verified, VR over Canada, (1890-91), Maker of this measure, Unknown
Known Makers of Canadian Bentwood Measures:
J. W. Hanna, Greenbush, Ontario,
D. P. Rous,
Ply-Ware of Canada, Goderich
Thomas Br., (likely Thomas Brothers, St. Thomas)
A. Root, Lyn, Ontario, (peck)
Connoly and Benjamin,
(Turned, applied handle), Verified, VR over G, 24, (Dec. 1887). Also marked, Patd 85. Maker, Unknown.
Known Makers of Canadian Turned Wood Measures:
J. McNish, (possibly Ottawa Area Vankleek Hill)
E. McEWEN, (Ottawa area)
A. Root, (Lyn, Ontario)
C. S. B., (Canada Spool and Bobbin Co. Ltd.), Walkerton, Ont.
Cane's, Newmarket, (likely a continuation of Wm. Cane & Sons Mfg. Co. Ltd.)
Potter, Cowan & Co., (McIntosh Mills, Brockville area,), unconfirmed
In an 1883 catalogue, wooden vinegar/cider measures were offered as a set, in three sizes, Half Gallon,
Quart, and pint, each Imperial, and Government Stamped. The set was offered complete with a wood funnel and the
four pieces sold for $2.25.
(C): Carved Wood:
Known Makers of Canadian Carved Wood Measures:
Thomas Brothers Limited, St. Thomas, Ont., Canada (1907-1914)
(D): Wooden Staves, Banded, (1/2 Barrel Style):
Known Makers of Canadian Banded Stave Measures:
H. Auclair, possibly Montreal, late 1940's
Boisseau, Branded, Crown VR/C, (possibly Levi Boisseau, cooper, Vercheres, P. Q., or an indication of size
as boisseau also translates to bushel)
J. P. Levesque, cooper, Montreal.
Canadian Government Standards
Prior to Confederation:
In 1791, the area then known as Quebec, divided into Upper and Lower Canada. Wine (Queen Anne) and Ale
(Winchester) Standards exist, marked Upper and Lower Canada, circa 1795. (Constitutional Act)
In 1824, the British abandoned both the Ale and the Wine standards in favour of IMPERIAL STANDARDS.
1826 District Standards
In 1825-26, Upper Canada purchased a set of Provincial Standards and 11 sets of District Standards for use within the
Province. These were Wine and Winchester Standards. The 11 Districts of Upper Canada were: Bathurst District, Eastern
District, Gore District, Home District, Johnstown District, London District, Midland District, Newcastle District, Niagara
District, Ottawa District, and, Western District. Each measure was marked with the District name, over U.C over 1826.
On the opposite side, size (Peck.Winchester) over a Crown over U.C. Each set also included a set of
In 1835, St. John's, Newfoundland ordered a set of verified Standards.
In 1840, the Province of Canada was formed, (Act of the Union), Upper Canada became commonly referred to as Canada West,
and Lower Canada became commonly referred to as Canada East.
Apparently, the Counties and/or Towns became responsible for the verification of weights and measures used by local
as several sets, or, part sets of County/Town (
and likely were produced in
In 1854, New Brunswick ordered a number of sets (exact number unknown) from Troughton and Simms in London .most are
not verified, but there are indications that one set was.
In 1856, Halifax town, Nova Scotia, ordered a set of verified Standards.
In 1860, Lower Canada received another (approx. 4 sets) of standard Weights and Measures. These are engraved V.R. L.C.,
over the size if the measure (Pinte, etc,), and dated 1860. One complete set was delivered to the Clerk of the Assembly, and the balance
delivered to Inspectors of Weights and Measures in diverse parts of Lower Canada.
In 1865, Vancouver Island ordered at least one set of verified Standards from Potter, London.
In 1873, the first Weights and Measures Act, of the new Dominion passed in parliament. (Revamping and streamlining
of the system of W&M used in Canada, and the introduction of a nationwide Inspection Service.) This act delayed itself
until verified Imperial Standards could be procured. In 1873 it was projected that 96 equipped Inspection Divisions would
be necessary. The Imperial Standards of Capacity were purchased from L. Oertling, London, England, and were delivered,
verified, in 1874. These Standards are marked Dominion of Canada, A. D. 1874, and, in addition, the Gallon Standard was
signed L. Oertling, London.
By mid 1876, 86 Inspection Divisions were up and running, complete with Standards, Forms, Revenue Stamps etc.
In 1876, it was reported that there were 3 sets of Dominion Standards of Capacity, (Primary), kept under lock and key in
Ottawa each was a Standard Gallon only. The Departmental Standards (Secondary), of capacity consisted of two sets,
Bushel to ½ Gill, (10 pcs. Per set), The Official Standards, (for District Inspectors), of capacity, consisted of 14 sets, Bushel
to ½ Gill (10 pcs per set). The Inspection Standards consisted of 100 sets, Gallon to ½ Gill, (7 pcs. Per set) and 100 Portable
Kits. (60 initially + 40 later)
In 1879, and for various reasons the number of Inspection Divisions was reduced from 96 to 21, and the number of
Inspecting Officers from 96 to 62.
Oertling,1874., Partial set of Departmental Standards Oertling, 1874, Gallon, Standard,
Known Maker's of Standards of Capacity used in Canada:
L. Oertling, London, (Eng.)
Mary DeGrave & Son, London, (Eng.)
DeGrave & Co. Ltd., London, (Eng.)
Potter, London, (Eng.)
Troughton & Simms, London, (Eng.), (Standards of Capacity and Standard Yard)
Known Maker's of Linear Standards in Canada:
Troughton and Simms, London, 1874 Standard Yard
Government Verification Stamps:
These are a series of numbers and letters (accompanied by a crown symbol), stamped into the body of tin and copper versions, or,
stamped into a button fixed to the handle of the graniteware versions, by inspectors representing Weights and Measures, Canada.
Following is a typical sequence from a Kemp measure:
(crown) ER over Q-18.T
Based on some assumptions, we presently believe that it can be interpreted as follows :
(crown) ER Edward VII reigns 1902 1910
Month Indication Number 18 Month (of a 2 year span) of original verification
Series Letter Q Identifies a 2 year period. 1906 - 1907
Kemp Manufacturing 1867 1911
This measure was therefore first verified during June, of 1907.
Certificates and Stamps:
Basically, there were two certificates used to confirm the verification of the article and payment for the verification
Service. The Factory Inspection Certificate was used when the article was inspected at the factory, prior to it's sale to a merchant.
The cancellation of the stamps indicated that payment had been received by the Inspector. This certificate was sold with the article to the
Merchant and the scale, measure etc., was ready for immediate use.
Factory Inspection Certificate
The Certificate for the Trader was issued annually following the re-verification of the article, either at the merchant's
Facility or at the District Weights and Measures office. Again, the stamps were cancelled to signify that payment had been received by the
Inspector. Measures were not re-stamped following an annual re-verification.
Certificate for the Trader
Alfred Brunel, Commissioner of Inland Revenue, developed the system adopted by the Dominion of Canada,
including the purchase of the necessary Standards in England, the forms, stamps, punches used, the establishment of the W&M
Districts within the Dominion, and the hiring and training of the inspectors. It was an amazing system for it's time, in that any dispute
could be resolved quicky as the year, district, inspector, merchant, article(s), and the standards used would be readily available
and the problem easily identified.
"LEGAL FOR TRADE"
Measures marked Legal for Trade, were likely introduced in the 1950's, as prepackaged products became readily available
to General Merchants, and the responsibility for accuracy passed from the Government agency to the measure manufacturers.
Canadian Scale Makers, ( ie: Gurney & Ware, Gurney, C. Wilson, Osborne, Acme, Fairbanks, Wm. & J. G. Greey, Burrow
Stewart & Milne, Hamilton Scale Company, New Warren Scale Co., Brantford Scale Co., G. Brousseau, Aylmer Pump and Scale Co. etc.),
also had to have their scales verified.
The stamped verification sequence, is as described above, and now allows collectors to more accurately date
scales and weights.
The Gigantic Merger : (a quote attributed to Sir Albert Edward Kemp, 1858 1929)
Prior to 1927, Kemp Mfg. Co., had acquired Macdonald Mfg., and had changed their name to The Sheet Metal Products Co. Ltd. Thomas Davidson had also evolved from Dominion Stamping Works, to Thomas Davidson and Co., and finally to the Thomas Davidson Mfg. Co, Ltd.
In October, 1927, the McClary Mfg. Co. (of London, Ont., founded 1847), the Sheet Metal Products Co. of Canada Ltd. (formerly Kemp Manfg. Co., of Toronto, Ont., founded 1867), the Thomas Davidson Mfg., Co. Ltd. (of Montreal, Quebec, founded 1858), E. T. Wright Co., (of Hamilton, Ont., founded 1881), A. Aubry et fils Limitee (of Montreal, Quebec, founded 1874) and the Happy Thought Foundry Co. (of Brantford, Ont., founded 1855), merged to form General Steel Wares Limited. John C. Newman became the first President of GSW. (In 1976, GSW merged its appliance business with G.E. and Westinghouse, in Canada, to form Camco).
The Independents :
Before the GSW family of companies merged, they not only competed with each other, but also with a number of generally smaller companies spread across Ontario, Quebec, and the Maritimes. These companies are also of much interest. As we come across them they are added to our listing and we are attempting to research each one of them as well.
D. Moore and Co. were located at 119-121 King Street East, In Hamilton Ontario. While the origin of the company dates back to 1812, Dennis Moore became a partner in the firm in 1833. The company is well known for it's Treasure Line of Stoves and Ranges. In 1957, the remains of the company were sold to Happy Thought Foundry of Brantford, Ontario.
While more research is required, the verification sequence would indicate that this measure was first verified in
the early 1870s.
John Slater Collection Arthur Kool Collection
Thos. Davidson Mfg. Co. Ltd., Quart and Pint measures circa 1905
If you can add to any of the above information, advise of any corrections required or, if you need additional information regarding a specific item, please feel free to click here to:
(Also: Buy, Sell, & Trade Measures)
Wanted: Weights and Measures, Canada, Literature: including
books, manuals, Journals, instructions to inspectors
& Inspection Forms. (late 1800s early 1900s)
Product catalogues from any of the Canadian Manufacturers.
Early photographs of Canadian Tinsmiths, tinsmiths shops etc.
Dec. 6, 2013
For information about American measures ..CLICK HERE